Citrus Pest and Disease Prevention Program
The Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) and Huanglongbing (HLB) are a death threat to California’s citrus industry. In 2009, growers took action to prevent HLB from taking hold by creating the Citrus Pest and Disease Prevention Program (CPDPP) and imposing a mandatory assessment on each carton of produced citrus fruit. The CPDPP is administered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture and managed by a 17-member Board comprised of citrus growers from every major citrus producing region in the state, two nursery grower representatives, and one “general public” position.
For more information about the CPDPP, up-to-date information about ACP and HLB, and related regulations visit the Citrus Insider website and sign up to receive regular email updates.
For additional information or questions regarding the transportation of bulk citrus, email ACPCompliance@cdfa.ca.gov for assistance.
ACP Quarantine and Restrictions
To more effectively protect California citrus from Huanglongbing, a regional Asian citrus psyllid quarantine for movement of bulk citrus and nursery stock went into effect on Jan. 1, 2018.
NEW! FAQs for Growers, Packers, and Transporters
What should a grower, packer or transporter do to be in compliance with the new ACP regional quarantine for bulk citrus movement?
Growers, packers, and transporters need to complete a new exhibit form and return it to the California Department of Food and Agriculture as soon as possible. An organization will need to list its current compliance agreement identification number on top of the new exhibit form. CDFA is mailing new exhibit forms to growers, packers, and transporters. However, if a grower, transporter or packer would like to fill out the new exhibit form prior to receiving it in the mail by CDFA, he or she can download the form on the CDFA website here.
Completed exhibits should be returned to CDFA through one of the following methods:
- Mail to CDFA: ACP Program, 1220 N Street, Suite 325, Sacramento, CA 95814
- Email as PDF to ACPCompliance@cdfa.ca.gov
- Fax to 916-654-0986
Are there new ACP-free compliance standards for bulk citrus movement when moving citrus between these new regional quarantine zones?
No. The ACP-free compliance standards for bulk citrus movement remain the same when moving citrus between regional quarantine zones. The quarantine zone boundaries; however, have changed. View the ACP-free compliance standards here and a map of the new quarantine zones here.
Where can I find the new exhibit forms on CDFA’s website?
New exhibit forms and instructions for completion can be found here.
When are the completed exhibit forms due to CDFA?
Growers, packers, and transporters are encouraged to complete their new exhibit forms as soon as possible. CDFA will distribute an alert in advance of the deadline date to return completed exhibits. Establishments can verify their exhibits have been received by CDFA by checking the online database found here.
The ACP regional quarantine map for bulk citrus movement shows two separate areas for Quarantine Zone 6, and a small circular portion of Zone 6 is inside Zone 5. How does this affect movement of bulk citrus in this area?
Shipments of bulk citrus fruit may transit through an adjacent bulk citrus regional quarantine zone to be packed/processed in its original bulk citrus regional quarantine zone without mitigation (i.e., field cleaning or treatment). However, the shipment must be completely safeguarded during transit as required, and travel in a direct route and without undue delay to the destination. For example, a shipment of bulk citrus from Cathedral City could travel through Riverside to be packed in San Bernardino County.
If you have more questions, please contact the CDFA ACP Program at 916-403-6846. Technical staff will be available to answer calls Monday to Friday, from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. (PST), Jan. 8 through Feb. 28.
Information about quarantine restrictions for production nurseries, click here.
The bulk citrus safeguarding performance standard requires all bulk citrus loads to be fully covered during transport regardless of the origin or the destination. While the new regulation applies mainly to transporters, all entities involved in growing, transporting, and packing citrus fruit need a new compliance agreement to allow them to continue their business practices. To help answer questions raised by members of the citrus industry, the CPDPP and the CDFA have responded to the following commonly asked questions:
Exactly what is required under this new regulation?
The new requirement is a statewide regulation that restricts the movement of regulated articles from “or within” a quarantine area. Under the new regulation, all bulk citrus loads must be safeguarded regardless of the origin or the destination. This can be done in several ways, including but not limited to the use of a shipping container, tarp, enclosed vehicle, including curtain van, or another method that completely covers bulk citrus during transport. If using a tarp, tarps must reach the bed of the truck.
When will the new rule go into effect?
The new regulation was approved on December 21, 2016, and enforcement began on March 1, 2017. The California Department of Food and Agriculture mailed new compliance agreements that include the new exhibits to growers, haulers, and packers to sign. The deadline to complete, sign and return the compliance agreement and exhibits was February 28, 2017. Upon receipt of the signed agreement and agreement, CDFA will mail you a copy of your countersigned compliance agreement with an assigned compliance agreement number.
If tarping a load, what size mesh tarp is permissible and are there other parameters to consider when purchasing tarps?
Tarps or mesh coverings must not have holes larger than 0.3 square millimeters (0.547mm x 0.547 mm or 0.6mm x 0.5mm), which is the standard tarping requirement per the USDA. It is important to note that standard tarping methods have not changed. The only thing that has changed is that all bulk citrus loads must be safeguarded.
When does safeguarding need to take place?
Trucks should be loaded and safeguarded prior to leaving the grove before transit, and trucks are to remain safeguarded until they reach the final destination.
How will the new rule be enforced and what are the violations?
Safeguarding will be enforced by CDFA, county agriculture departments, and local law enforcement, and can occur at the origin, during transit or at a truck’s final destination. Vehicles with improper tarping or enclosure may be stopped and cited for a regulation violation. Each vehicle must have a copy of their compliance agreement. Failure to provide the required compliance agreement is also a violation. Safeguarding and compliance agreement violations are two separate violations.
What are the consequences for non-compliance?
Penalties for non-compliance may be assessed by the state or county and can include fines as high as $10,000 per violation, and potentially also include revocation of the compliance agreement.
What if my operation is not ready?
The industry is urged to start preparing now. Work with your hauler to determine a safeguarding method that best suits your operation so you can remain compliant after your new compliance agreement takes effect.
Why did I receive a compliance agreement when I do not haul my own fruit?
All citrus operations should sign and return the compliance agreement regardless of if you currently intend to transport fruit. This demonstrates an understanding of the rule and will also apply if you decide to move fruit at some point in the future.
Additional FAQ Provided by the Tulare County Agricultural Commissioner:
Who is required to have a compliance agreement?
Everyone growing, transporting, or packing/processing bulk citrus.
My citrus is only for decoration and personal consumption. Do I need a compliance agreement?
If you have 25 or more trees on your property, a compliance agreement is required for transport.
I only have 3 citrus trees, but I take my fruit to farmer’s markets. Do I need a compliance agreement?
Yes, you also need both a grower and a transporter exhibit. The fruit must be transported in a fully enclosed vehicle or be completely covered by a tarp or mesh.
Exhibits X1, X2, and X3 don’t apply to me, do I need to sign them?
If your fruit is grown and packed in the same quarantine area, then you do not.
I field clean my fruit to send it to a different quarantine area. Do I need to sign Exhibits X1-3?
Yes, it’s possible your practices may change in the future so we want to make sure you are covered. If you sign them and never use the “spray and harvest” then having the exhibits with your compliance agreement won’t affect you at all.
I only handle fruit that has already been packed. Do I need a compliance agreement?
If you only handle fruit that has gone through the full packing procedure (culling, washing, grading, waxing) then you would be considered a re-packer, broker, or fruit seller and you do not need a compliance agreement.
What happens if I don’t get a compliance agreement?
Without a compliance agreement, you will not legally be able to sell, transport, or pack bulk citrus fruit.